National Curriculum


Aims of 2014 National Curriculum:

  • Every state-funded school must offer a curriculum which is balanced and broadly based and which:
  • Promotes the spiritual, moral, cultural, mental and physical development of pupils at the school and of
  • Society and prepares pupils at the school for the opportunities, responsibilities and experiences of later life.'


Summary of Main Changes:


Stronger emphasis on vocabulary development, grammar, punctuation and spelling (for example,the use of commas and apostrophes will be taught in KS1)

Handwriting –is expected to be fluent, legible and speedy

Spoken English has a greater emphasis, with children to be taught debating and presenting skills



Five-year-olds will be expected to learn to count up to 100 and learn number bonds to 20

Simple fractions (1/4 and 1/2) will be taught from KS1, and by the end of primary school, children should be able to convert decimal fractions to simple fractions (e.g. 0.375 = 3/8)

By the age of 9, children will be expected to know times tables up to 12 x 12

Calculators will not be used at all in primary schools, to encourage mental arithmetic.



Strong focus on scientific knowledge and language, rather than understanding the nature and methods of science in abstract terms

Evolution will be taught in primary schools for the first time

Non-core subjects like caring for animals will be replaced by topics like the human circulatory system


Design & Technology

Afforded greater importance under the new curriculum, setting children on the path to becoming the designers and engineers of the future.

More sophisticated use of design equipment

In KS2, children will learn about how key events and individuals in design and technology have shaped the world



Computing replaces Information and Communication Technology (ICT), with a greater focus on programming rather than on operating programs.

From age five,children will learn to write and test simple programs, and to organise, store and retrieve data.

From seven, they will be taught to understand computer networks, including the internet.

Internet safety – will be taught at the beginning of every unit



A modern foreign language or ancient language will be mandatory in KS2

Children will be expected to master basic grammar and accurate pronunciation and to converse, present, read  and write in the language.